Strategemata, or Stratagems, is a work by Frontinus, a collection of examples of military stratagems from Greek and Roman history, ostensibly for the use of. Frontinus’s Stratagems, written after 84 CE, gives examples of military stratagems and discipline from Greek and Roman history, for the instruction of Roman. : Frontinus: Stratagems. Aqueducts of Rome. (Loeb Classical Library No. ) (): Frontinus, Mary B. McElwain, C. E. Bennett.
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This Book has been carefully proofread. If you should find an error, however, please let me know. On choosing the time for battle.
On choosing the place for battle. On the disposition of troops for battle. On creating panic in the enemy’s ranks.
On letting the enemy escape, lest, brought to bay, he renew the battle in desperation. On restoring morale by firmness. On bringing the war to a close after a successful engagement.
On repairing one’s losses after a reverse. On ensuring the loyalty of those whom one mistrusts. What to do for the defence of the camp, in case a commander lacks confidence in his present forces.
LacusCurtius • The Stratagems of Frontinus
The superstition is alive and well. Other things being equal, in horary astrology, modern Western astrologers deprecate starting an enterprise during the waning moon. The Torah, however, specifically permits defense on the Sabbath. For details, including the passage of Josephus, see this page.
Frontinus himself gives other examples of the effects or tactical use of dust and sand in Strat.
The main instances of the subject in other classical writers were collected by E. If you need further information, you will find a detailed article, an engraving, and a photograph of a relief on Trajan’s Column here.
Frontinus: The Strategemata
For a much fuller and more adequate explanation, with diagram, see this section of the article Exercitus on the Roman army in Smith’s Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities. For a much fuller and more adequate explanation, with further sources, see the article Corvus of Smith’s Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities.
It’s not that simple, and in fact, rather than a consensus, there are a bewildering array of theories and locations, to which the visitor to the Battle of Trasimenus Museum at Tuoro sul Trasimeno will be treated in detail. The main point missed in Bennett’s footnote is that Lake Trasimene was much larger in ancient times, and indeed is still shrinking today: Images with borders lead to more information.
The thicker the border, the more information. See my copyright page for details and contact information.