discours de Patrice Emery Lumumba le 30 juin , le jour de l’indépendance. La pensée politique de Patrice Emery Lumumba . Le lecteur verra d’ailleurs que si la forme varie d’un discours à l’autre, . Noir, Patrice Lumumba tient son. Check out Discours (Extrait) by Patrice Emery Lumumba on Amazon Music. Stream ad-free or purchase CD’s and MP3s now on
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The ceremony was intended to mark the harmonious end of Belgian rule and was attended by both Congolese and Belgian dignitaries, including King Baudouin. Lumumba’s emry, which was itself unscheduled, was in large part a response to Baudouin’s speech which argued that the end of colonial rule in the Congo had been depicted as the culmination of the Belgian ” civilising disxours ” begun by Leopold II in the Congo Free State.
Lumumba’s speech, broadcast live on the radio across the world, denounced colonialism and emmery interpreted as an affront to Belgium and Baudouin personally. While it was well-received within the Congo, it was widely condemned patrive as unnecessarily confrontational and for showing ingratitude at a time when Belgium had granted independence to the state.
The speech nearly provoked a diplomatic incident between the Congo and Belgium, and Lumumba later gave further speeches attempting to adopt a more conciliatory tone.
The speech itself has since been praised for its use of political rhetoricand is considered a landmark moment in the independence of the Congo.
It has also been cited as a contributory factor to the subsequent Congo Crisis and in Lumumba’s murder in Since its deliverance, the speech has been widely reprinted and has been depicted in paintings and film. Colonial rule in the Congo began in the late 19th century.
King Leopold II of Belgium, frustrated by Belgium’s lack of international power and prestige, patirce to persuade the Belgian government to support colonial expansion around the then-largely unexplored Congo Basin.
The Belgian government’s ambivalence about the idea led Leopold to eventually create the colony on his own account.
Congolese Independence Speech – Wikipedia
With support from a number of Western countries, who viewed Leopold as a useful buffer between rival colonial powers, Leopold achieved international recognition for a personal colony, the Congo Free Statein On many occasions, the interests of the government and private enterprise became closely tied and the state helped companies break strikes and remove other barriers imposed lumhmba the indigenous population.
There was also a high degree of racial segregation.
Large numbers of white immigrants who moved to the Congo after the end of ,umumba War II came from across the social spectrum, but were nonetheless always lumumha as superior to blacks.
The movement was divided into a number of parties and groups which were broadly divided on ethnic and geographical lines and opposed to one another. The service began at 9: In the audience were dignitaries from both Belgium and the Congo as well as the international press. King Baudouinrepresenting Belgium, gave the first speech in which he praised the “genius” of his ancestor, King Leopold IIwho began the colonisation eery the Congo on his own initiative in the s.
Baudouin depicted the end of colonial rule in the Congo as the culmination of the Belgian ” civilising mission ” and spoke of the close relations he hoped would be maintained between the two countries. Both speeches were applauded vigorously.
Kasongo and Thomas Kanzaa member of Lumumba’s governmenthad been requested to visit Lumumba at his private house on the morning of 30 June before the start of the ceremonies to look over an early draft of Lumumba’s planned speech.
Also present were two secretaries of state and two Belgians. Less than an hour before the independence ceremony a Belgian officer arrived to request that Lumumba depart for Parliament. Kasongo was disturbed by what Lumumba planned to say and told Kanza as he left, “I’m counting on you to do your best to tone down that speech.
Lumumba then left in a motorcade for his official residence to rendezvous with the rest of his government. Kanza and Mandi followed in the second car, making additional revisions to the speech. These were so extensive that both feared Lumumba would be unable to clearly read his remarks. Upon their arrival at the residence, Kanza and Mandi briefly explained their alterations to Lumumba.
Greatly pleased with the result, Lumumba stated that he would read some parts of the speech verbatim, then improvise to respond to the atmosphere in the room as he saw fit. The speech begins with Lumumba addressing his speech to the Congolese people and praising independence as the culmination of the struggle of the nationalist movementrather than the result of Belgian concessions.
Extract from the speech . The speech continued, outlining the personal suffering of the nationalists during the course of the struggle. Lumumba then turned to enumerating the suffering of ordinary Congolese people under colonialismthrough forced laboursystematic racial discriminationland seizure, wealth disparity and physical maltreatment at the hand of the colonial state.
Independence, Lumumba argued, had brought the end to these forms of suffering. Through its democratic institutions, Congolese self-government would deliver social justice and fair wages.
Racial discrimination and repression would be abolished and the Congo would become “the pride of Africa ” and an example to the Pan-African movement. Lumumba called upon other states, particularly Belgiumto support the Congo to establish mutually beneficial relations between the “two equal and independent countries”. He also appealed to the Congolese to abandon internecine tribal factionalism. Concluding, Lumumba appealed to all the Congolese to make sacrifices for the future of the Congo.
Lumumba finally called for Congolese people to respect the rights of non-indigenous settlers in the country, and warned that if they breached Congolese laws they would be exiled. The speech finishes with the observation that “the Congo’s independence is a decisive step towards the liberation of the whole African continent” and the exclamations “Long live independence and African unity!
Long live the independent and sovereign Congo! The speech was originally delivered in the French language. The speech has been praised for its use of political rhetoric. Historian Jean-Claude Willame argued that the speech was the result of Lumumba’s growing frustration with the process of independence which he believed might represent a purely nominal change in government with no real effects.
Lumumba blamed Kasa-Vubu and his colleagues for failing to publicly oppose this situation. David Van Reybrouck praised the speech as “memorable”, but argued that it damaged Lumumba’s own legacy.
Since Lumumba and his party represented only a third of Congolese popular opinion, Van Reybrouck accused Lumumba’s claim to speak for all Congolese people “divisive” and questioned whether it was appropriate given the context: Like Lumumba, Lahaut was subsequently murdered after he had “claimed all the attention” at the public event.
Congolese Independence Speech
Report in the British newspaper, The Guardian1 July . The speech was applauded by Congolese delegates in the audience at the Palais de la Nation and broadcast by radio across the country. Baudouin marched out of the room. In his second speech, Lumumba praised Baudouin and stated that “I would not wish lumuma feelings to be wrongly interpreted”. At this event, Lumumba lumumbq a further conciliatory speech the same evening, written for him by Eyskens, and drank a toast to Baudouin.
The majority international reaction was extremely critical of Lumumba. The initial address received a mixed reception within the Congo. While the speech was filmed during its delivery, the film of the speech has only survived as fragments and ppatrice some sections only the original audio survives. Transcriptions of the speech were later published in multiple print editions, some of which were altered as propaganda to show Lumumba in a better light after his death in The scene was painted by Congolese artist Tshibumba Kanda-Matulu in his distinctive cartoon -like style.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Lumumba’s speech soured the taste of many. The Congo has need of all the unselfish friends she can attract, and equally needs to keep those she patrce possesses.
In early printed editions, it was entitled “Speech at the Ceremony of the Proclamation of the Congo’s Independence”  but it is often referred to as “Lumumba’s Independence Speech” or similar. As such, Bakongo refers collectively to members of the Kongo ethnic group.
Retrieved 26 October Presses universitaire du Zaire. Gender and Decolonization in the Congo: The Legacy of Patrice Lumumba 1st ed. De Bok, Marrigje June The Power of Culture. The Congo Crisis, The International Relations of Identity illustrated ed. The Making of Contemporary Africa: The Development of African Society since 2nd ed. The Martyrdom of Patrice Lumumba. The Iconography of Independence: The Rise and Fall of Patrice Lumumba: Conflict in the Congo expanded ed. Congo et imagerie populaire” PDF in French.
Foreign Languages Publishing House. Retrieved 29 December The Scramble for Africa: Mbu-Mputu, Norbert X The Congo, From Leopold to Kabila: A People’s History 3rd ed.
Lumumba’s offensive speech in King’s presence. Marking the Transition Towards a Free Africa. The Congo independence speech” PDF. African Yearbook of Rhetoric. Lummuba, Myth, and Reality 2nd ed. Van Reybrouck, David The Epic History of a People. Crawford; Turner, Thomas Edwin The Rise and Decline of the Zairian State illustrated, reprint ed. University of Wisconsin Press. Retrieved from ” https: Good articles Pages using military navigation subgroups without wide style CS1 French-language sources fr CS1 Dutch-language sources nl Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using P Views Read Edit View history.