Common name: Honey Suckle Mistletoe, Neem mistletoe • Hindi: बंदा Banda, बंदा पाठा Banda Patha • Marathi: वंदा Vanda, बंदगुल Bandgul • Tamil. M Dendrophthoe falcata (L.f.) Ettingsh. is an accepted name. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Dendrophthoe (family Loranthaceae). Distribution. “Found in foothill scrub jungles and deciduous forests from plains to m. Common. India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indo-China and Australia.”.
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Dendrophthoe falcata is one of the hemiparasitic plants that belong to the Loranthaceae family of mistletoes. It is the most common of all the mistletoes that occur in India. At the moment reports say that it has around plant hosts.
The genus Dendrophthoe comprises about 31 species spread across tropical AfricaAsiaand Australia Flora of China, among which 7 species are found in India. The flowering inflorescences in D. S Pundir verified it to be of strictly cauliflorous nature and also notified that it shares fundamental similarity to that of Ficus glomerataF.
Two of its varieties are widespread in India namely, var. Among angiospermsparasitic relationship through the formation of haustorial linkages is known to be widespread Wilson and Calvin, In general, haustorial connections among 72 of the 75 ariel parasitic genera may belong to either of the four types viz.
It is unknown about what factors decide formation of different haustorial types by the leafy mistletoe on different hosts. The host branches infected with D. This mistletoe does not have an indigenous rooting system and is dependent on the host for water and minerals. Nutrient dynamics have shown that a higher titre of N, P, K, Mg and Na in the leaves of mistletoe than the leaves of uninfected and infected hosts which may be due to differential translocation of elements within the host phloem Surya Prakash et al.
The haustorial connections of the parasite with the plant are devoid of any efficient retranslocation system Smith and Stewart, Studies conducted at the higher altitudes of the Western Ghats where both the mistletoes and the flowerpeckers occur predominantlywhich parallel the western coast of India infer that the flowerpecker pollinated mistletoes have particularly developed feature specialized to attract a unique vector both to facilitate pollination and seed dispersal: The hair-crested drongo sometimes called the spangled drongo and sunbirds are also known to feed on the nectar from the D.
Dendrophthoe falcata possesses remarkable potentials as a medicinal plant evident from the wound healinganti-microbialanti-oxidantantinociceptive properties of its ethanolic extracts Pattanayak and Sunita,Shihab et al. Medicinal properties of this hemiparasite may vary in effects respective to different hosts it establishes a relation with Mallavadhani et al.
The whole plant is used in indigenous system of medicine as cooling, bitter, astringentaphrodisiacnarcotic and diuretic Alekutty e al. Also, the decoction of plant used by women as an anti-fertility agent has been evidenced to possess anticancer activity Nadkarni, The leaf ethanolic extract significantly and dose dependently inhibits the acetic acid induced writhing in mice Shihab et al.
Larval host plants – Dendrophthoe falcata – Butterflies of India
Besides, a more recent work by Pattanayak et al. Dendrophthoe falcata is susceptible to diseases such as leaf blight caused by Colletotrichum stage of Glomerella cingulata Mohamed Ali and Florence, Similarly, Viscum orientale has also been reported to dendgophthoe on D.
In another instance Cuscuta reflexa has been shown to act as a rival to the leafy mistletoe Nath and Indira, Being backed by easy seed dispersal mediated by frugivorous birds, they continue to pose serious losses to economically valuable fruit trees, flowering plants and those with medicinal properties whether growing in forests, orchards or gardens Sridhar and Rao, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Dendrophthoe falcata Dendrophthoe falcata in HyderabadIndia. Diuretic and antilithiatic activity of Dendrophthoe falcata.
Dendrophthoe – Wikipedia
In vitro antioxidant activities of methanol extract of Dendrophthoe falcata Linn. Biomed 3 2 July—September Epiparasitism in Phoradendron durangense and P. Flora of China Vol.
Current Science 76 6: Indigenous use of mistletoes in tropical and temperate region of Nepal, Banko Janakari Dendrophthoee of the British Mycological Society, Indian Materia Medica, vol. I, Popular Prakashan, pp. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, Journal of Ethnopharmacology, On the cauliflorous mode of flowering cauliflory in Dendrophthoe falcata Lf Ettingsh Loranthaceae.
India Biodiversity Portal
A note on the biological control of Scurrula cordifolia Wall. Don by another mistletoe in Sivalik Hills India. Antioxidant, antinociceptive activity and general toxicity study of Dendrophthoe falcata and isolation of quercitrin as the major component.
Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, 6: Dendrophthoe falcata, a falcaha to fruit orchards. The Wealth of India. Mistletoe – a keystone resource in forests and woodlands worldwide. American Journal of Botany 93 5: Retrieved from ” https: Dendrophthoe Flora of the Indian subcontinent Medicinal plants of Asia. Articles with ‘species’ microformats. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.