Shiv Sena supremo Bal Thackeray health continues to improve and he is responding to treatment given to him, Shiv Sena leaders claimed. Bal Keshav Thackeray also known as Balasaheb Thackeray was an Indian politician who In , Thackeray formed the Shiv Sena party to advocate for the interests of Maharashtrians in .. Bal Thackeray and the rise of Shiv Sena. p. Since its inception, the Shiv Sena more of an aggressive organisation than a political party along with its founder-chief Bal Thackeray has been.

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The year was of great tumult for Western India.

The Government had just created the great bilingual Bombay State, which included most of what now constitutes as Maharashtra and Gujarat. The idea of the Bombay State had support in New Delhi, where Jawaharlal Nehru and Vallabhbhai Patel were hesitant to divide the country along linguistic lines, and in Bombay itself, where city elites like JRD Tata were concerned that a pure Marathi state may drown out the cosmopolitan nature of Bombay city.

However, the idea had no traction among large sections of both Marathi and Gujarati risw which were in uproar. And so began a four year long struggle of strikes, violence and vandalism, which finally resulted in creation of Maharashtra and Gujarat inafter several people had died in the protests. It was in these turbulent times that Bal Thackeray began his career as shi cartoonist. He was son of KS Thackeray, a progressive Marathi leader of s, who gave him a fervent hatred for communism and a caustic tongue in legacy.

In Thackeray started Marmik, a Marathi gal of his kf, which was well-received in Mumbai for its hostile attitude towards communism. It had been four years since the creation of Maharashtra but the Marathi people in Mumbai were seeing no change in the socio-economic conditions, especially on the job front where they faced stiff competition from South Indians, Gujaratis and Parsis.

Accordingly, issues raised in Marmik found tremendous resonance among them. When Thackeray started Shiv Sena inhe had no political connection, funding or resources, save the fan following he had generated from the magazine. But he quickly found support from the ruling Congress, which was facing stiff competition from many including former Nehru ally Krishna Menon. And so began a decades-long alliance between Congress and Shiv Sena, where the Sena was used as the tool for Congress to shore up its right-wing bases.


Shiv Sena had begun with the Marathi identity issue, but it had nowhere to go in that direction. Thackeray quickly realized this and made his first pivot. Shiv Sena began infiltrating and then taking over hordes of labour unions that existed in Mumbai, forming a cooperative relationship with the industrialists in the process.

Thackeray also started giving Sena a violent image, with attacks on Udupi restaurants and alleged involvement in murders of prominent communists.

Primary function of the shakha was not political but as a job exchange, where young Marathis could find connections for employment.


This way Sena could integrate itself further into Marathi fabric. His funeral, which was attended by more than , resulted in practical shut down of entire Mumbai out shi reverence and fear. By the beginning of s, Sena was in trouble. Congress had all but hijacked its Marathi identity issues, playing on them better than Sena could.

And so he made the second pivot, reinventing Sena into the Hindutva party.

Zhiv s and early 90s, Sena saturated Maharashtra with communal rhetoric and openly claimed to have participated in several anti-Muslim riots. This coincided with the rise of BJP in the country and the two parties quickly formed a partnership. Hindutva was also a topic of wider appeal than anti-communism or regionalism, and for the first time Shiv Sena started growing outside Mumbai as well.

Bal Thackeray and the rise of Shiv Sena

However, by when Shiv Sena-BJP ball came to power in Maharashtra for the first time, tide of Hindutva was already ebbing, giving way to the concerns over liberalization.

Meanwhile, the Shiv Sena was facing other challenges, not just from other thxckeray parties, but also from criminal organizations. As a ruling party, Shiv Sena did try to reinvent itself once more, going for beautification of Mumabi as its primary objective. But this was a weak plank, rejected by the voters in the very next election.


Bal Thackeray & the Rise of the Shiv Sena : Vaibhav Purandare :

And so Shiv Sena, drifted into a weaker position, having to compete on its home turf. In his last years, Thackeray had lost much of his strength. But maybe, it was also the sea change that had come in Mumbai in the last fifty years. Thackeray was, at least at in his youth, a fervent believer of the ideologies he espoused. It is just enlarging their ideology of right wing. There was this bloke who was a pass out from my college and yet stuck to the campus time and again.

I once asked someone, who on earth is this. Like it or not, he commanded respect for his power and influence.

Bal Thackeray and the rise of Shiv Sena in Maharashtra

Now on him being a lone ranger in the end with either his confidantes being expelled from the party or they betraying him time and again, did it deteriorate his image? He was always a larger than life image and that has nothing to do with ideology, it is to do with principles. You are commenting using your WordPress.

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